Messiah ben David through Solomon
The Torah is doesn’t say much on the subject of the Messianic Era, except to mention the “End of Days”. The NaKh (prophets and writings) speak more definitively about the required qualifications of King Messiah (Messiah ben David) that will rule during the Messianic Era, and even more specifically about what he will be required to accomplish in order to be considered King Messiah, as well as what the Messianic Era will look like.
King Messiah must have five basic qualifications; he must be a man, a Jew, from the Tribe of Judah, from King David, through Solomon’s line. Anyone who doesn’t meet at least these five basic requirements can’t even apply for the job no matter how righteous he is deemed to be.
According to halachah (Jewish law), a son inherits his status as a Jew from his mother, and his tribal identity through his father. If one believes the Greek Testament claims about the “Holy Spirit” impregnating Mary, then no matter what angle is taken, Jesus simply does not come from the line of David through Solomon. Christians have tried to find their way around this problem in two ways: 1) Either by claiming Jesus was adopted by Joseph or; 2) by claiming the geneology in Luke 3:23-38 as Mary’s, even though the text doesn’t make that claim. (This is also the method used for reconciling the two geneologies, which differ from one another from King David forward.) If one accepts that this is Mary’s geneology, we then find two more fatal flaws with this: 1) Again, according to halachah, even if a child is adopted by a step-father, this doesn’t change his tribal identity, which has always been and will always be determined by the child’s biological father and; 2) King Messiah must be a descendant of King David through Solomon. According to this geneology, Mary descended through one of David son’s yes – Nathan, not Solomon.
In order to demonstrate the TaNaKh’s unequivocal requirement that King Messiah must descend through King Solomon and no other son of King David, below is a list of verses from the TaNaKh. If one compares this requirement with the geneologies of Jesus in the Greek Testament, what becomes obvious is that Jesus did not and never will qualify for the position of King Messiah.
II Samuel 7:12-16
“When your days are complete and you lie with your forefathers, I shall raise up after you your offspring who will issue from your loins, and I shall make his kingdom firm.  He shall build a Temple for My sake, and I shall make firm the throne of his kingdom forever.  I shall be a Father unto him and he shall be a son unto Me, so that when he sins I will chastise him with the rod of men and with afflictions of human beings.  But My kindness will not be removed from him as I removed (it) from Saul, whom I removed from before you.  Your dynasty and your kingdom will remain steadfast before you for all time; your throne will remain firm forever.’ ”
I Kings 8:15-20
“ He then said, ‘Blessed is HaShem, G-d of Israel, Who spoke with His word to my father David — and fulfilled with his power, saying,  ‘From the day when I took My people Israel out of Egypt, I did not choose a city from among the tribes of Israel in which to build a Temple where My Name would be; but I chose David to rule over My people Israel.’ “ It was the heart of my father David to build a Temple for the sake of the Name of HaShem, G-d of Israel.  But HaShem said to my father David, ‘Inasmuch as it has been in your heart to build a Temple for My Name, you have done well by having this in your heart.  You, however, shall not build the Temple. Rather, your son, who will emerge from your loins — he will build the Temple for My Name.’  Now HaShem has fulfilled His word that He spoke, for I have risen in place of my father David, and I sit on the throne of Israel as HaShem spoke, and I have build the Temple for the Name of HaShem, G-d of Israel. ”
“A staff will emerge from the stump of Jesse and a shoot will sprout from his roots.”
“Behold, the days are coming — the word of HaShem — when I will establish a righteous sprout from David; a king will reign and prosper and he will administer justice and righteousness in the land.”
“They will serve HaShem their G-d and David their king, whom I will establish over them.”
“ Behold, the days are coming — the word of HaShem — when I will fulfill the favorable matter that I spoke concerning the House of Israel and the House of Judah.  In those days at that time, I will cause a sprout of righteousness to sprout forth for David, and he will administer justice and righteousness in the land.”
“ I will establish over them a single shepherd and he will tend them — My servant David; he will tend them and he will be a shepherd unto them.  And I, HaShem, I will be a G-d to them, and my servant David a prince among them. I, HaShem, have spoken.  I will seal a covenant of peace with them, and abolish evil beast from the land; and they will dwell securely in the wilderness, and sleep in the forests. ”
“ My servant David will be king over them, and there will be one shepherd for all of them; they will follow My ordinances and keep My decress and fulfull them.  They will dwell on the land that I gave to My servant Jacob, within which your fathers dwelled; they and their children and their children’s children will dwell upon it forever; and My servant David will be a leader for them forever.”
I Chronicles 17:11-15
“When your days are complete to go to your forefathers, I will raise up after you your offspring who will be from among your sons, and I shall make his kingdom firm.  He shall build a Temple for Me, and I shall make his throne firm forever.  I shall be a Father unto him, and he shall be a son unto Me, and I shall never remove My kindness from him, as I removed it from the one who preceded you.  I will establish him as My dynasty, as My kingdom, and his throne will be established forever.”
 In accordance with all these words and this entire vision, so did Nathan speak to David.”
I Chronicles 22:6-10
“ He summoned his son Solomon and charged him to build a Temple for HaShem, G-d of Israel.  David said to Solomon, ‘My son, I had in mind to build a Temple for the Name of HaShem, my G-d,  but the word of HaShem came to me, saying, ‘You have shed much blood and have made great wars; you shall not build a Temple for My Name’s sake, for you have shed much blood upon the ground before Me.  Behold a son will be born to you; he will be a man of rest, and I shall grant him rest from all his enemies all around. His name will be Solomon, and I will bestow peace and tranquility upon Israel in his days.  He will build a Temple for my Name’s sake; he will be a son to Me and I will be a Father to him. And I will establish the throne of his kingdom over Israel forever.’ ”
I Chronicles 28:2-7
“ King David stood up on his feet and said: ‘Hear me, my brothers and my people! I had in my heart to build a house of rest for the Ark of the Covenant of HaShem, as a footstool for our G-d, and I prepared to build.  But G-d said to me, ‘You shall not build a Temple for My Name, because you are a man of wars and have shed blood.’  HaShem, G-d of Israel, chose me from all my father’s family to be king over Israel forever. For He chose Judah to be the ruler, and of the house of Judah (He chose) my father’s house, and of the sons of my father it was me that he saw fit to make king over all Israel.  And from all my sons — for many sons has HaShem give me — He has chosen Solomon my son to sit on the throne of the kingdom of HaShem, over Israel.  He said to me, ‘Your son Solomon — he shall build my Temple and my courtyards; for I have chosen him to be a son for me, and I will be a father for him.  And I will establish his kingdom forever — if he will be firm in fulfilling My commandments and my laws, as on this day.’ “